Genre gallery-Macro Photography

    Macro Photography is photographing very small objects, typically flowers or insects, and magnifying them to, very often, much greater than lifesize.
Typically methods used previously included a set of special filters giving different magnifications, or a set of extension tubes which worked by bringing the lens closer to the subject.
 
Most modern digital cameras have a macro setting, very often the one most people ignore unless they have a particular interest in close-up work. It is worth reading up on the manual for your camera and finding out the potential for this kind of photography that you already have available to you if you want to have a go.  However if you are interested in doing serious work in this area the best way is to invest in a special  Macro Lens. These can come very expensive so it is well worth exploring other options before investing. 
 
Moving objects, such as insects, present a whole lot of challenges, such as sourcing and maintaining  the animals, trying to find a time when they are moving least, needing to use faster shutter speeds to prevent blur which has the effect of reducing the aperture and so affecting depth of field, a huge factor in the technique.
An easier option is to go for the motionless subject such as cut flowers. Working indoors on a tabletop , able to control light and backgrounds, is perhaps a better starting point. At the magnifications typically involved even a very still day can prove too breezy.
 
Use of a tripod is strongly recommended along with either a remote shutter release or a cable release to avoid camera shake. Aperture priority is generally the best setting and taking lots of images at a range of apertures is usually the best choice so that you can select your preferred depth of field when you see the results. Focussing is best done manually and may involve moving either the camera or the subject around until you have your preferred image. Live view, if available (check out your manual), allows you to pick your point of focus with great precision and is well worth using, although it can be a little hard on the battery so make sure you have a spare recharged and ready to go.
There are many videos and articles available free on the Internet so have a look and give it a go.
Enjoy.
Nora Sleator
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